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Massage License Number
According to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) medical errors result in how many injuries to hospital patients?
HintIn November 1999, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) revealed a hidden epidemic in the United States: medical errors, which result in injury to 1 in every 25 hospital patients and an estimated 44,000 to 98,000 deaths each year.
At what point in the health care delivery system are errors likely to occur?
HintErrors can occur at any point in the health care delivery system.
How does the IOM report define an error?
HintThe IOM report defines an error as the failure of a planned action to be completed as intended (i.e., error of execution) or the use of a wrong plan to achieve an aim (i.e., error of planning).
Research on why humans make errors (Reason, 1990) has identified two types of errors: active errors and ___________.
HintActive errors tend to occur at the level of the individual and their effects are felt almost immediately. Latent errors are more likely to be beyond the control of the individual.
What does the acronym RCA stand for?
HintRoot Cause Analysis (RCA) is a tool for identifying error prevention strategies. It is a process for discovering basic and contributing causes of error with the continuing goal of preventing recurrence.
Which of the following is a population of special vulnerability?
HintSeriously? Do you REALLY need a hint for this one?
What is the goal of a Root Cause Analysis?
HintThe goal of a Root Cause Analysis is to find out: What happened? Why did it happen? What do you do to prevent it from happening again?
What must be included in a credible RCA?
HintA credible RCA must: Include participation by the leadership of the organization and those most closely involved in the processes and systems; Be internally consistent; Include consideration of relevant literature.
According to the text, why should you obey the laws?
HintLaws, regulations, and ethical guidelines exist to protect the public and the massage practitioner.
According to the text, when and where was the earliest regulation of massage therapy enacted?
HintThe earliest regulation in the United States was passed in Ohio in 1915, and was slowly followed by other states.
Sexual misconduct is defined as a violation of the ___________through which the health care practitioner uses such relationship to engage or attempt to engage the patient or client, or an immediate family member, guardian, or representative of the patient or client in, or to induce or attempt to induce such person to engage in, verbal or physical sexual activity outside the scope of the professional practice of such health care profession.
HintSexual misconduct in the practice of a health care profession means violation of the professional relationship.
According to Chapter 480: Massage Practice Act, what is the legal definition of a massage therapist?
Hint“Massage therapist” means a person licensed as required by this act, who administers massage for compensation.
What is “sexual misconduct”?
HintAll of those things. Yes. ALL OF THEM.
Which of the following constitutes misconduct?
Hint64B7-30.001 Misconduct and Negligence in the Practice of Massage Therapy. All of those things are listed. Read it,
It is unlawful for any person to: Hold himself or herself out as a massage therapist or to practice massage unless __________under this chapter or unless otherwise specifically exempted from licensure under this chapter.
Hint480.047 (1) It is unlawful for any person to hold himself or herself out as a massage therapist or to practice massage unless duly licensed under this chapter.
Central to the nature of the therapeutic relationship is the belief that ________________________________________.
HintCentral to the nature of the therapeutic relationship is the belief that what is done is by the practitioner is done with the goal of helping or healing.
_____________________is an ethical view that certain actions are absolutely right or absolutely wrong, regardless of other circumstances such as their consequences or the intentions behind them.
HintMoral absolutism is an ethical view that certain actions are absolutely right or absolutely wrong, regardless of other circumstances such as their consequences or the intentions behind them.
A _________________ is a moral law that is unconditional or absolute for all people, the truth of which cannot be disputed, no matter what justification you come up with for doing so.
HintA categorical imperative is a moral law that is unconditional or absolute for all people.
Which of the following is NOT one of the four key principles of massage ethics?
HintThe four key ethical principles that are the foundation of a good massage practice, and they are autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice.
_________________ defines the procedures, actions, and processes that are permitted for the licensed individual.
HintThe Scope of Practice defines the procedures, actions, and processes that are permitted for the licensed individual.
The most important goal of _____________ is that the client has an opportunity to make an informed decision about whether or not they wish to receive a massage treatment.
HintThe most important goal of informed consent is that the client has an opportunity to make an informed decision about whether or not they wish to receive a massage treatment.
What is Transference in the context of massage ethics?
HintSome clients will direct the feelings related to past touch experiences toward their therapist. This is known as transference .
Which of the following is a symptom of possible Transference?
Research can be a search for individual _____ or ____.
HintThe word "research" is used to describe a number of similar and often overlapping activities involving a search for information. Here are some functional definitions of research: Research can be a search for individual facts or data.
Research can also be a report or review that is not designed to create new information or insight but to _____________ existing information.
HintResearch can also be a report or review that is not designed to create new information or insight but to collate and synthesize existing information. Answers can typically be found in a selection of books, articles, and Web sites.
According to the text, what is the scientific method?
HintIn case you are not familiar with the term the scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge.
According to the text, how many steps are there in the scientific method?
HintThe scientific method has four steps.
________ occurs when a scientist or researcher has a preference for one outcome over another, and that leads to misinterpretation of data or sometimes just skipping the experiment and accepting the hypothesis for an explanation of a phenomenon.
HintBias occurs when a scientist or researcher has a preference for one outcome over another.
A hypothesis is a ____________, which is just a fancy way of saying an opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information
HintA hypothesis is a conjecture, which is just a fancy way of saying an opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information.
In order to be a valid scientific hypothesis it must be ___________, which is another fancy word that simply means it must be possible to proven or disproven.
HintIn order to be a valid scientific hypothesis it must be falsifiable, which is another fancy word that simply means it must be possible to proven or disproven. If the hypothesis is not falsifiable it means that it cannot be meaningfully tested.
A statistical hypothesis is a conjecture about some ____________.
HintA statistical hypothesis is a conjecture about some population. For example, the population might be people with a particular medical condition, like Medial epicondylitis (aka golfer's elbow).
What does the word “efficacy” mean?
HintThe word literally means “the ability to produce a desired or intended result”.
According to the text, how many steps are there in the research process?
HintThe Research Process has seven steps.
The method most commonly used to assess the quality of science is _________ and then publication in a reputable scientific journal as part of the scientific literature.
HintThe method most commonly used to assess the quality of science is peer review and then publication in a reputable scientific journal as part of the scientific literature.
What is an “Impact factor”?
HintImpact factor is a term in the scientific community that refers to the measure of citations of an academic journal.
The size of the study is very important in determining _________ .
HintThe size of the study is very important in determing generalizeability, meaning that the study includes enough subjects to make the argument that it represents a large segment of the population.
A case-control study is an example of what type of scientific research design?
HintCorrelational (e.g., case-control study, observational study)
In science, correlation does not prove __________.
HintIn science, correlation does not prove causation, which means just because two things are happening at the same time; it doesn’t necessarily mean one thing is causing the other to happen.
Credible studies welcome question, debate and _______.
HintCredible studies welcome question, debate and duplication. A credible piece of research will invite other researchers to duplicate the experiments as closely as possible in order to compare results.
Science articles that use words like “link, correlation, risk, and association” in the headline may be guilty of what?
HintHere are some steps you can take to avoid being taken in by scientific sensationalism: Does the article use red flag words like “link, correlation, risk, and association”. These words do not mean “biological cause” and should be viewed warily
Which of the following is an example of something you find in “bad research”?
HintNobody here but us chickens! (Common sense answer here)
____________is often characterized by the use of vague, contradictory, exaggerated or unprovable claims, an over-reliance on confirmation rather than rigorous attempts at refutation, a lack of openness to evaluation by other experts, and a general absence of systematic processes to rationally develop theories.
HintPseudoscience is often characterized by the use of vague, contradictory, exaggerated or unprovable claims, an over-reliance on confirmation rather than rigorous attempts at refutation, a lack of openness to evaluation by other experts, and a general absence of systematic processes to rationally develop theories.