1. The International Labor Organization (ILO) has identified three basic elements of forced commercial labor and they are Work, Menace and _______________.
HintThe ILO has identified three basic elements of forced commercial labor and they are Work, Menace and Involuntariness. Work or service refers to all types of work occurring in any activity, industry or sector including in the informal economy. Menace of any penalty refers to a wide range of penalties used to compel someone to work. Involuntariness: The terms “offered voluntarily” refer to the free and informed consent of a worker to take a job and his or her freedom to leave at any time. This is not the case for example when an employer or recruiter makes false promises so that a worker take a job he or she would not otherwise have accepted.
2. The International Labor Organization (ILO) has estimated that ________ victims are trapped in modern-day slavery.
HintThe ILO estimated that 24.9 million victims are trapped in modern-day slavery. 14.2 million are in labor exploitation in industries such as agriculture, construction, domestic work and manufacturing. 10 million children are in forced labor
3. In the United States forced commercial labor thrives in industries that routinely employ ______________________.
HintIn the United States forced commercial labor thrives in industries that routinely employ undocumented (illegal) immigrants, where U.S. law requires little or no regulation or monitoring of working conditions, and where a high demand for cheap labor exists.
4. There are three types of activities defined as sex trafficking crimes: acquisition, transportation and ____________.
HintIn this particularly heinous form of human trafficking the victim is forced into a dependency on their traffickers and are forced to provide sexual services to paying customers. There are three types of activities defined as sex trafficking crimes: acquisition, transportation and exploitation.
5. Human trafficking victims are ________________________.
HintThe victims are diverse, ranging in ages and backgrounds, including ethnic and socioeconomic. Despite the diversity in victims, there are specific demographic traits that places a person in a higher risk category for exploitation. Homeless and runaway youth, foreign nationals (especially those of lower socioeconomic status), and those who have experienced physical, emotional, or sexual abuse, violent trauma, neglect, poor academic success, and inadequate social skills.
6. According to Polaris, a non-profit organization dedicated to fighting human trafficking, there are more than ________ suspected Illicit Massage Businesses (IMBs) exploit tens of thousands of women as sex slaves.
HintAccording to Polaris, a non-profit organization dedicated to fighting human trafficking, there are more than 9,000 suspected Illicit Massage Businesses (IMBs) exploit tens of thousands of women as sex slaves. 
7. Illicit Massage Businesses can maintain the outward illusion or propriety because they_____________________________________.
HintThese IMBs can maintain the outward illusion or propriety because they are widely advertised to their target clients on the internet. They do not need neon signs advertising sexual services on their building like you would expect to find in a red light district, instead they have ads running in Craigslist.com, Backpage.com and other websites and aps specifically used to market “massage parlors.”
8. How are Illicit Massage Businesses built to survive police raids?
HintThe IMBs operate as semi independent cells in the criminal network. If one is raided, the authorities are typically only able to prosecute one or two “managers” who run that specific IMB, so the network as a whole is not affected. They lose some of the women they were exploiting and a few local assets (the managers) but it's easy enough for them to start a new business in the next town over, or sometimes in a new neighborhood in the same city.
9. Which of the following is a possible "red flag" that a massage business is a cover for sex trafficking?
HintThese are just a few possible red flags that might indicate a local massage business is using forced labor. Keep in mind, these are just possible red flags and should not be taken as a positive sign of anything. There are many wonderful Day Spas run by immigrants pursuing the American dream.
10. What can you do to help eradicate human trafficking in the massage industry?
HintOffer to cooperate with Law Enforcement, because you know more about what legitimate massage therapy looks like than they do. Raise public awareness by shutting down "happy ending" jokes and get involved with your local city and state politics to demand better enforcement of existing human trafficking laws.